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Question

Which of the following statements regarding the differing interpretations of Nightingale’s importance would the author most likely agree?


  1. Summers misunderstood both the importance of Nightingale’s achievements during the Crimean War and her subsequent influence on British policy.

  2. The editors of Nightingale’s letters made some valid points about her practical achievements, but they still exaggerated her influence on subsequent generations.

  3. The editors of Nightingale’s letters mistakenly propagated the outdated idealization of Nightingale’s that only impedes attempts to arrive at a balance assessment of her true role.

  4. The evidence of Nightingale’s letters supports Summer’s conclusions both about Nightingale’s activities and about her influence.

  5. Although Summer’s account of Nightingale’s role in the Crimean War may be accurate, she ignored evidence of Nightingale’s subsequent achievement that suggest that her reputation as an eminent social reformer is well deserved.


Solution

The correct option is E

Although Summer’s account of Nightingale’s role in the Crimean War may be accurate, she ignored evidence of Nightingale’s subsequent achievement that suggest that her reputation as an eminent social reformer is well deserved.


In the last paragraph, the author concedes that “Nightingale may not have achieved all of her goals during the Crimean War.” This is consistent with Summer’s view that Nightingale’s importance during the war has been exaggerated, but the author of the passage nonetheless describes Nightingale as a great social pioneer because of her vision and achievements. These achievements, which the second paragraph states occurred primarily after the Crimean War, apparently did not influence Summer’s interpretation of Nightingale’s importance. Given the author’s favorable assessment of Nightingale’s reputation, it is likely that the author would agree that Summer’s interpretation ignores this important evidence.

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