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Question

Why did some industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe prefer hand labour over machines?


Solution

Some industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe prefer hand labour over machines because: 

  • Machines were costly, ineffective, difficult to repair, and needed huge capital investments.
  • Labour was available at low wages at that period of time.
  • In seasonal industries only seasonal labour was required.
  • Market demands of variety of designs and colour and specific type could not be fulfilled by machine-made clothes. Intricate designs and colours could be done by human-skills only.
  • In Victorian age, the aristocrats and other upper class people preferred articles made by hand only.

Social Science
NCERT
Standard X

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