With reference to Clouds, consider the following statements:
1. Cirrus clouds are formed at low altitudes.
2. Stratus clouds are layered clouds.
3. Nimbus Clouds are extremely dense and opaque to rays of sun.
4. Cumulus clouds exist in patches and can be seen scattered.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
According to their height, expanse, density and transparency or opaqueness clouds are grouped under four types :
(i) cirrus; (ii) cumulus; (iii) stratus; (iv) nimbus
Cirrus: Cirrus clouds are formed at high altitudes (8,000 - 12,000m). They are thin and detached clouds having a feathery appearance. They are always white in colour.
Cumulus: Cumulus clouds look like cotton wool. They are generally formed at a height of 4,000 -7,000 m.
They exist in patches and can be seen scattered here and there. They have a flat base.
Stratus: As their name implies, these are layered clouds covering large portions of the sky.
These clouds are generally formed either due to loss of heat or the mixing of air masses with different temperatures.
Nimbus: Nimbus clouds are black or dark gray. They form at middle levels or very near to the surface of the earth.
These are extremely dense and opaque to the rays of the sun. Sometimes, the clouds are so low that they seem to touch the ground. Nimbus clouds are shapeless masses of thick vapour