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Question

Write a short note on the effect of temperature or water scarcity and the adaptations of animals.


Solution

Effect of temperature or water scarcity on adaptations of animals

In conditions of high temperature or water scarcity, the adaptions will be such that help the animals to

(i) reduce water loss from the body in breathing and excretion.

(ii) utilise water generated internally through metabolic activity.

In cold conditions, the adaptation would be such that will help the animal to

- conserve body heat.

- keep their body warm by developing thick fur.

- insulating the body by depositing fat under the skin.

- avoid cold conditions by migration or hibernation.

- produce antifreeze proteins and solutes in excessive cold conditions.

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