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Question

Write down the common features of the connective tissue. On the basis of structure and function, differentiate between bones and cartilages. 


Solution

The common features of connective tissue are the following : 
  • Serve the function of making structural framework.
  • Connect different parts of the body.
  • These tissues have a mesodermal origin. 
Bone is another example of a connective tissue. It forms the framework that supports the body. It also anchors the muscles and supports the main organs of the body. It is a strong and nonflexible tissue. Bone cells are embedded in a hard matrix that is composed of calcium and phosphorus compounds.
Cartilage, has widely spaced cells. The solid matrix is composed of proteins and sugars. Cartilage smoothens bone surfaces at joints and is also present in the nose, ear, trachea and larynx.

Biology

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