A combination of bones and cartilages forms the skeleton of the body
The healthy skeletal system is made up of bones, ligaments, and cartilage.Ligaments are bands of dense and fibrous connective tissue that are key to the function of joints. Cartilage is more flexible than bone but stiffer than muscle. Cartilage helps give structure to the larynx and nose. It is also found between the vertebrae and at the ends of bones like the femur.
- The skull protects the brain and gives shape to the face.
- The thoracic cage surrounds the heart and lungs.
- The vertebral column, commonly called the spine, is formed by over 30 small bones.
- The femur is an example of a long bone.
- The frontal bone is a flat bone.
- The patella, also called the knee cap, is a sesamoid bone.
- Carpals (in the hand) and tarsals (in the feet) are examples of short bones.