The needle of a magnetic compass always points towards the North-south direction. If the North-south direction is known, then the East−West direction can also be determined, which is perpendicular to the compass needle.
- Compass has a magnetic needle that can rotate freely.
- When a compass is kept at a place, the magnetic needle aligns in a north-south direction.
- The red arrow of the compass needle is termed as the north pole and the other end as the south pole.