A gas is evolved when ethanol reacts with sodium. Name the gas evolved and also write the balanced chemical equation of the reaction involved.


When ethanol reacts with sodium it gives Sodium ethoxide with the liberation of hydrogen gas.

2CH₃ – CH₂ – OH +2Na → 2CH₃ – CH₂ – ONa + H₂


At room temperature Ethanol is always a liquid, and it has a melting point of 156K and a boiling point of 351 K. Ethanol is a very important industrial chemical which is used as a solvent in the synthesis of other organic chemicals and as an additive to gasoline in the automotive industry. Ethanol is also the key component in almost all alcoholic drinks such as beer, wine, and spirits.

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