A microscope is focused on an ink mark on the top of a table. If we place a glass slab 3cm thick on it, how should the microscope be moved to focus the ink spot again? The refractive index of glass slab is 1.5 cm.

The image of the ink spot moves up by 1cm.
Refractive index = Real depth/ apparent depth

1.5 = 3/ apparent depth

Apparent depth = 3/1.5 = 2 cm

Distance through which the microscope is moved is 3 cm -2 cm = 1 cm upwards

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