A semiconductor is formed by Covalent bonds.
Semiconductors, such as silicon, are made up of individual atoms bonded together in a regular, periodic structure to form an arrangement whereby each atom is surrounded by 8 electrons. The electrons surrounding each atom in a semiconductor are a part of a covalent bond. The covalent bond consists of two atoms sharing a single electron. Each atom forms four covalent bonds with the four surrounding atoms. Therefore, between each atom and its four surrounding atoms, 8 electrons are being shared.
- Semiconductor acts like an insulator at Zero Kelvin. On increasing the temperature, it works as a conductor.
- Due to their exceptional electrical properties, semiconductors can be modified by doping to make semiconductor devices suitable for energy conversion, switches, and amplifiers.
- Lesser power losses.
- Semiconductors are smaller and possess less weight.