Option ‘B’, Cell Organelles, is the suitable term for the various components of cells. The cell is the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism. It comprises the cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, cell organelles and cell wall except in animal cells.
- Mitochondria is the cell organelle and is called the cell’s powerhouse as they carry out the cellular respiration and generate the energy molecules called ATP or Adenosine Triphosphate.
- The plasma membrane is also termed a Cell Membrane or Cytoplasmic Membrane. It is a selectively permeable membrane of the cell composed of a lipid bilayer and proteins.
- Chromosomes play a crucial role in determining the sex of an individual. Each human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes.
- The endoplasmic reticulum is involved in the transportation of substances throughout the cell. It plays a primary role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, synthesis of lipids, steroids and proteins.
- Lysosomes protect the cell by engulfing the foreign bodies entering the cell and helps in cell renewal. Therefore, it is known as the cell’s suicide bags.