A symbol is a short form used for representing an element.
What is the purpose of using symbols?
Chemical symbols are used for the representation of any functional group, chemical elements, and compounds. It is used to identify the elements easily and a standardized language of chemistry.
- Tin- Sn (from the Latin word, stannum)
- Lead- Pb (from the Latin word, plumbus)
- Gold- Au (from the Latin word, aurum)
- Silver- Ag (from the Latin word argentum)
The symbol of an element represents one atom of that element. For 14 of the elements, the symbol consists of one letter. With the possible exceptions of yttrium (Y) and vanadium (V), you are probably familiar with all elements’ names having one-letter symbols.