A total solar eclipse takes place when the new moon comes in between the sun and the earth.
The complete solar eclipse has 5 phases:
- Partial eclipse begins: This is the 1st contact where the moon starts becoming visible over the sun’s disk.
- Total eclipse begins: This is the 2nd contact where the sun is covered completely by the moon. The sun appears like a diamond ring.
- Totality and maximum eclipse: This is the phase when only the corona of the sun is visible. At this time, the entire sky goes dark, there are chances where temperature can fall.
- Total eclipse ends: This is the 3rd contact when the mon starts to move away from the sun.
- Partial eclipse ends: This is the 4th contact where the moon stops covering the sun and at this stage, the eclipse to ends.