After Independence, why was there a reluctance to divide the country on linguistic lines?

Yes, there was reluctance to divide the country based on linguistic lines although Congress had promised to create provinces for each major linguistic group. 

  • However, Partition of the country based on religion created bitter experiences.
  • Despite the efforts of Gandhi and other leaders, freedom was given to two nations.
  • Millions of people had lost their lives due to riots between Muslims and Hindus which took place during the partition of the nation.
  • Due to the pain and sufferings endured during the partition, the leaders of the nation did not want further division of the nation based on language.
  • Hence, after independence the Congress was against the creation of linguistic states and did not honour its promise given before the independence.
  • The demand for creation of provinces based on languages did not receive support even from Nehru and Deputy Prime Minister Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • Marathi speakers, Malayalam and Kannada speakers were disappointed.
  • However, the strongest protest came from the Telugu speaking districts of Madras Presidency.
  • When Nehru was campaigning for general elections in 1952 he was met with protests for the creation of a separate Andhra state.
  • Potti Sriramulu died on 15 December 1952. He had fasted for fifty-eight days. This resulted in complete chaos in the entire state of Andhra.
  • Hence the Central Government was forced to create Andhra Pradesh on 1st October 1953.
  • As a result, other states were also carved out based on language.

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