Amoeba is a single celled organism. It reproduces by asexual reproduction. The process of reproduction begins by the division of its nucleus into two. This is followed by the division of its body into two. This type of reproduction is called binary fission.
Typically, most amoebas are characterized by the following features:
- Movement occurs through the use of pseudopodia, where the cytoplasm pushes the plasma membrane outward or inward, creating blunt, finger-like projections.
- There can be multiple pseudopodia at one particular instance, hence, its shape rapidly changes.
- Structure of amoeba primarily encompasses 3 parts – the cytoplasm, plasma membrane and the nucleus.
- The cytoplasm can be differentiated into 2 layers – the outer ectoplasm and the inner endoplasm