Among the statements given below to select the ones that correctly describe the concept of sustainable development (i) Planned growth with minimum damage to the environment (ii) Growth irrespective of the extent of damage caused to the environment (iii) Stopping all developmental work to conserve the environment (iv) Growth that is acceptable to all the stakeholders (a) (i) and (iv) (b) (ii) and (iii) (c) (ii) and (iv) (d) (iii) only

(a) (i) and (iv)

Explanation

Sustainable development means planned growth with minimum damage to the environment. The growth of environment should not be harmful to the stakeholders as well. It should be acceptable to them, e.g., if some trees have to the cut for various purposes, then damage to the environment can be minimised by planting new samplings in place of cut trees. 

Sustainable development can be achieved if we follow the following points:

  • It can be achieved by restricting human activities.
  • Technological development should be input effective and not input utilising.
  • The rate of consumption should not surpass the rate of salvation.
  • For renewable resources, the rate of consumption should not surpass the rate of production of renewable substitutes.
  • All types of pollution should be minimised.
  • It can be achieved by sensible use of natural resources.

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