An electric kettle takes 4 amperes when put on a circuit of 250 volts. calculate the time required to prepare two cups calculate the cost at the rate of 20 p per unit

Solution:

Mass of water = 450 g

Rise in temp = 100 – 20 = 800C

Heat produced = 450 × 1 × 80 = 36000 cal

E = 250 volts

= 4 A

t = ?

\(H=frac{Etimes Itimes t}{4.2}\) \(36000=frac{250times 4times t}{4.2}\) \(t=frac{36000times 4.2}{250times 4}=151.2s\) \(t=frac{151.2}{3600}hour\)

Energy consumed\(=frac{Etimes Itimes t}{1000}kWh\) \(=frac{250times 4times 151.2}{1000times 3600}=0.042kWh\)

Rate = 20 P a unit

Cost = 0.042 × 20 = 0.84 P

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