Answer in 40 to 80 words: What is artificial hybridization? By which technique is it achieved?


The process of crossing two genetically different individuals having desirable traits to obtain an offspring having superior traits than the parents is called artificial hybridization. In plants, it can be achieved by emasculation. The process of removal of anthers in a bisexual flower to prevent self-pollination is called emasculation. This flower is bagged to prevent pollination. Mature pollen grains are collected from the male flower. The bag is opened and pollens are dusted on the flower. Flowers are bagged after pollination, until fruits are formed.

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