The article 340 of the Indian Constitution lays down conditions for the appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes. The President may by order appoint a Commission comprising of such persons that he thinks fit to investigate the conditions and background of socially and educationally backward classes that lies within the territory of India.
About Article 340
- The Draft Article 301 (Article 340) was debated and brought in the Constituent Assembly on 16th June in the year 1949
- This draft gave the President the power to appoint a Commission to investigate and execute the conditions of the backward classes
Further development of Article 340
In the year 2017, the President of India framed a 5 member commission to explore the topic of sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes (OBC). The commission is currently headed by Former Chief Justice of Delhi, G. Rohini. This commission was appointed by the President by exercising the provisions and privileges given in Article 340 of the Indian Constitution. The main objectives of the commission are given below:
To understand the extent of false and unjust distribution of benefits of reservation among different castes and communities in the Central OBC list.
The actual OBC reservation will continue to be around 27%, yet the other mechanisms, criteria and related parameters will have to layout for actual sub-categorisation of OBC and bring order to Central list on OBC