Answer: (b) Yeast
The answer is yeast in which asexual reproduction occurs through budding. In this type of reproduction, the offspring grows up or arise inheriting the parent gene as it sprouts up from a single organism. In asexual reproduction, an offspring is reproduced from a single parent species.
Yeast is unicellular (some are multicellular) eukaryotic micro-organisms belonging to the kingdom fungi. Yeast size can vary greatly depending on the species, typically measuring 3-4 µm in diameter. Most yeasts reproduce asexually by an asymmetric division process called budding.
- Initially it produces a small protuberance on the parent cell that grows to a full size and forms a bud.
- The nucleus of the parent cell splits into a daughter nucleus and migrates into the daughter cell.
- The bud detaches from the mother’s body by forming a constriction at the base.
- Budding will repeat to form a chain of bud cells.
- The daughter cell produced during the budding process is generally smaller than the mother cell.