Bacillus ramosus and Bacillus vulgaris are examples of (1) Ammonifying bacteria (2) Nitrate bacteria (3) Nitrite bacteria (4) Symbiotic bacteria.

Answer: (1)

Ammonifying bacteria are bacteria which convert ammonia into atmospheric nitrogen. They can be symbiotic or non-symbiotic. Symbiotic ammonifying bacteria form root nodules and supply the ammonia or ammonium to the plant. Non-symbiotic bacteria that ammonify live openly & use ammonia for their own metabolism. Ammonifying bacteria, for example, include Bacillus vulgaris and Bacillus ramosus.

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