Rabi crops are pea, wheat, mustard whereas kharif crops are paddy, maize, soybean. These crops require different climatic conditions and hence can be grown in two different seasons.

  • Pea and Soybean are the kharif and Rabi crops that increase the nitrogen content of the soil respectively as they are leguminous plants.
  • Kharif crops are grown between the month of June to September.
  • Rabi crops are grown between the month of October – March.
  • These plants form a symbiotic association with Nitrogen fixing bacteria Rhizobium in root nodules.
  • The roots are left in the soil after harvest.

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