The properties of elements are a periodic function of their atomic masses. It was the discovery of atomic number which led to a change in Mendeleev’s periodic law which was based on atomic mass. The elements having similar chemical properties form oxides and hydrides having similar formulae. Mendeleev used these properties for creating his periodic table.
Limitations of Mendeleev’s classification of elements
- Limitations of Mendeleev’s classification of elements:
- Failed to explain the position of isotopes.
- The wrong order of atomic masses of some elements could not be explained.
- A position for hydrogen could not be assigned in the periodic table
Besides gallium Germanium and Scandium are the element that are left by Mendeleev in his Periodic Table since its discovery.