Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory is regarded as one of the most popular theories on motivation. It is a theory of psychology that explains that humans are highly motivated in order to fulfill their needs, which is based on hierarchical order. It was first introduced by Abraham Maslow in 1943 for his paper titled Theory of Motivation and is based on a hierarchy of needs, which starts with the most basic needs and subsequently moves on to higher levels.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory are as follows
1. Physiological needs: The physiological needs includes thirst, hunger, shelter,sex and other bodily needs
2. Safety and security needs: Safety and security needs includes security, arid protection from physical and emotional harm
3. Social needs: Social needs includes friendship, family, intimacy and social groups
4. Esteem needs: It deals with getting recognition, self respect in the society.
5. Self-actualization needs: It relates to the need of an individual to attain or realise the full potential of their ability or potential.