Capacity of a conductor depends upon

The capacity of a conductor depends upon the following factors

  1. Shape and size of the conductor
  2. Medium between them
  3. Presence of other conductors near it

What is a capacitor?

A capacitor is a device that is used to store charges in an electrical circuit. Energy stored in a capacitor is electrical potential energy, and it is thus related to the charge Q and voltage V on the capacitor.  The working principle of the capacitor is that the capacitance of a conductor increases appreciably when an earthed conductor is brought near. Capacitors store energy by holding apart pairs of opposite charges. The simplest design for a capacitor is a parallel plate, which consists of two metal plates with a gap between them.

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