Choose the set that represents only the biotic components of a habitat. (a) Tiger, Deer, Grass, Soil (b) Rocks, Soil, Plants, Air (c) Sand, Turtle, Crab, Rocks (d) Aquatic plant, Fish, Frog, Insect

d) Aquatic plant, Fish, Frog, Insect


The biotic or living components of a habitat include the plants, animals, decomposers, microflora and fauna. Biotic factors can be defined as the living components (organisms) that shape up the environment. In other words, biotic factors comprise all living things in an ecosystem such as plants, animals and microorganisms. It plays an important role by interacting with the environment. Animals and plants depend on each other for survival. In other cases, biotic factors, such as introduction of an invasive species may damage the balance of an ecosystem.Examples of biotic factors in various ecosystems are as follows:

  • Plankton
  • Bacteria
  • Plants
  • Corals
  • Fungi
  • Mushrooms
  • Trees
  • Herbs

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