The provincial administration was granted prime attention by the Vijayanagar rulers. The government that existed in the provinces was called the Nayankara system. It was equivalent to that of European feudalism. All the land was, as per the scheme, owned by the rulers. He assigned the land to his generals. They functioned and behaved as feudal lords under his influence.
During the time of the Vijayanagar rulers, this administrative structure grew. Most of the land was allocated among the Nayaks depending on the theory. For their defence, they existed with pomp and show and built forts. They acknowledged the Vijayanagar rulers dominance and served as their guardians.