Answer: The correct answer is (ii) A and B are correct.
- Political parties are needed to form a Government.
- It is the candidates representing different political parties who contest elections at central, state and local levels.
- The candidates contesting elections are selected by political parties through their internal mechanisms.
- Political parties create programmes and policies and shape public opinions.
- Once the political parties win the elections they form the Government and its policies are based on the manifesto of the party.
- If the political parties lose the elections, they sit in opposition and criticise the policies or actions of the Government.