Adolescence is that time of life when a child reaches reproductive maturity. This is indicated by a number of changes occurring in the body. The process of these changes is known as puberty.
- Adolescence begins around the age of 11 and goes on until 18 or 19 years of age.
- Adolescents are also called ‘teenagers’.
- The body at this stage undergoes important changes and these mark the period of puberty.
Changes at puberty
- Increase in height
- Change in body shape
- Change in voice
- Increased activity of sweat and sebaceous gland
- Development of sex organ
- Hormonal changes
- The growth of facial hair.
- The growth of body hair including underarm, abdomen, chest hair and pubic hair.
- Chest and shoulders widen and body becomes muscular
- Skin becomes more rough and porous, secretion of sweat glands and sebaceous glands increase
- Larynx (Adam’s apple)/voice box protrudes out and voice becomes deep and husk.
- Enlargement of breasts
- The growth of body hair, prominently in the underarm and pubic areas.
- Widening of hips
- Changed fat distribution. More fat below the skin, at hips, buttocks and thighs.
- Development of secondary reproductive organs.