Define charge

A charge is a subatomic particle property that helps to experience a force when placed in an electric field.

Types of electric charges

Positive and negative are the two types of electric charges, commonly carried by charge carriers, protons and electrons. The movement of charges produces energy. The produced energy can be heat energy, chemical energy, or electrical energy, depending upon the charge’s atmosphere or surroundings where it has been placed.

  • In atom s, the electron carries a negative elementary or unit charge; the proton carries a positive charge. The two types of charge are equal and opposite.
  • The electrical charge unit in the International System of Units is the coulomb (symbolized C), where 1 C is equal to approximately 6.24 x 1018 elementary charges.
  • Charges are additive in nature.

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