Define Drift Velocity of Electrons in a Conductor

The drift velocity is defined as an average velocity attained by the charged particles (electrons) in a material due to an electric field. The drift velocity can be determined using the following formula:

I = nAvQ

v is the drift velocity of electrons

n is the number of electrons

A is the area of cross-section of a conductor

Q is the charge of an electron

I is the current flowing through the conductor.

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