Define land degradation. Explain with causes and control measures

Land degradation is defined as the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rainfed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest or woodlands resulting from natural processes, land uses or other human activities. Land degradation is due to the activities of human hands which loses all the fertility and quality of soil. This is very dangerous to nature which causes further disasters.

Causes

Listed below are few causes of land degradation

  • Soil pollution
  • Soil Erosion
  • Overgrazing
  • Extraction of minerals at a repeated stage
  • Drought

Control measures

Listed below are few control measures of land degradation

  • Afforestation and proper management of grazing land.
  • Control on mining activities.
  • Sheltering belts are planted for plants.

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