Anything available in our environment that can be used to fulfil our desires is recognized as a resource, given that it is technically accessible, economically viable, and culturally appropriate.
Resources – Classification
The main 2 broad classifications of resources are
- Natural Resource
- Human Resource
Natural resource can be further classified as
- Renewable resource – These are the resources which can reproduced or renewed through various mechanical, chemical or physical process.
- Non-renewable resource – These are the resources which takes millions of years for its formation. Examples like coal, petroleum, natural gas etc.
Renewable resource can be further classified as
- Continuous or flow (Example wind, water)
Biological resource can be further classified as
- Natural vegetation (Forests)
Non Renewable resources can be further classified as
- Recyclable eg: metals
- Non recyclable eg: fossil fuels.
Human resources can be further classified as
- Structures and Institutions
- Quantity and Quality
Classification of Resources
Resources can also be classified on different parameters which are given below:
- On the basis of exhaustibility – non-renewable and renewable resources.
- On the basis of origin – Abiotic and Biotic
- On the basis of status of development -reserves, developed stock and potential.
- On the basis of ownership – international, individual, national, and community.
On the basis of Ownership
The below points gives brief understanding of the different resources based on ownership.
Individual owned Resources
Land for construction of house, land for grazing, agricultural land are examples of resources owned by individuals.
Community owned Resources
These are the resources which are available for use by the community. It is not under control of one individual, examples are village lakes, ponds, playgrounds, public parks etc.
Resources owned by a Nation
All water resources, wildlife, forests, water resources, land within the boundaries of a nation, resources in the territorial waters i.e. oceanic areas upto 12 nautical miles from the coast of a nation. All the mentioned resources belongs to a nation.
On the basis of Origin
The below points gives brief understanding of the different resources based on origin.
Rocks, metals comes under abiotic resource.
Fisheries, livestock, flora and fauna comes under Biotic resources.
On the basis of Status of Development
The below points gives brief understanding of the different resources based on status and development.
These materials found in the environment has the capacity to meet the needs of human beings, but humans do not have the necessary technology to utilise these resources.
These are the resources which can be used in the future to meet the requirements of humans.
Resources which are available in a region but are not utilised to meet the requirements of humans. Example could be solar energy potential in desert regions of Rajasthan, Gujarat.
The resources which have been surveyed for feasibility and by the concerned agencies and their quality and quantity has been determined. They can be developed based on technological availability.