Describe any five main characteristics of alluvial soil in India

Alluvial soils are mainly associated with river floodplains. Alluvial soils are hard to define satisfactorily as they are developed on fluvial, lacustrine or marine deposits. They are also cloured into light and dark soils. Their respective colours are due largely to the relative abundance of organic matter in the surface soil.

More points on alluvial soil

Alluvial soil comprises of

  • Deltaic alluvium
  • Coastal alluvium
  • Inland alluvium
  • The alluvial soils are of two kinds namely old and new.
  • The older alluvium is called “Bangar”.
  • The major soil profiles used for vegetable production.
  • We all know that erosion is a natural geological process that takes place repeatedly to smooth the earth’s surface and to provide the mineral for new sediments.
  • The alluvial soils are considered as the most productive of Indian soils.
  • It contributes the largest share of the agricultural wealth of our country.

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