Describe the distribution of coal in India.

Coal is the major resource for all industries and is in great demand. Especially for the Indian railways.

Distribution of Coal in India

In India, Distribution of coal is based mainly on two categories:

  • Gondwana (200 million years old)
  • Tertiary deposits (55 million years old)

Gondwana coal reserve

The extensive resources of Gondwana coal are located in:

Damodar Valley (West Bengal – Jharkhand) – Jharia, Raniganj and Bokaro are important coalfields.
Godavari valley
Mahanadi valley
Son valley
Wardha valley
Tertiary coal occurs in the northeastern states of Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

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