Coal is the major resource for all industries and is in great demand. Especially for the Indian railways.
Distribution of Coal in India
In India, Distribution of coal is based mainly on two categories:
- Gondwana (200 million years old)
- Tertiary deposits (55 million years old)
Gondwana coal reserve
The extensive resources of Gondwana coal are located in:
Damodar Valley (West Bengal – Jharkhand) – Jharia, Raniganj and Bokaro are important coalfields.
Tertiary coal occurs in the northeastern states of Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.