Difference Between Northern Plains And Peninsular Plateau.

The Northern Plains

The Peninsular Plateau


Geologically, the Northern Plains were formed in the recent geological period

Geologically, the Peninsular Plateau is part of the Gondwanaland, the southern part of ancient super-continent Pangaea


Are the most recent landform, which are being formed and reshaped by the river systems

The Peninsular plateau is part of the oldest landmass and one of the most stable land blocks.

Characteristics of Land

It is a fertile, level land

It is a plateau or tableland with gently rising rounded hills and wide shallow valleys.

Type of soil

Formed of alluvial deposits brought down by the rivers

Black soil is mostly found formed by the lava


The Northern Plains are divided into :

(i) The Punjab Plains formed by Indus and its tributaries

(ii) The Ganga Plains in North India

(iii) The Brahmaputra Plain in Assam

The Peninsular Plateau is divided into :

(i) The Central Highlands

(ii) The Deccan Plateau.


Canal irrigation is suitable in the northern plains

Tank irrigation is popular in the peninsular plateau


Hot summers and cold winters

Mainly hot and humid climate


Mainly rice, cotton, wheat and sugarcane are grown in the northern plains

Mainly millets, oilseeds, maize, spices and other coarse grains are grown in the peninsular plateau

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