Differences between Atomic Orbital and Molecular Orbital.

Atomic Orbital

Molecular Orbital

– It is the region having the highest probability of finding an electron in an atom

– It is the region having the highest probability of finding an electron in a molecule

– Formed by the electron cloud around the atom

– Formed by the fusion of atomic orbitals that have nearly the same energy

– The electrons of an atomic orbital are influenced by one positive nucleus

– The electrons of a molecular orbital are influenced by the two or more nuclei depending upon the number of atoms in the molecule

– Atomic orbitals have fixed shape and are named s, p, d and f

– Molecular orbitals are named and shaped according to the type of hybridization

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