Differences between saponification and esterification?

Answer:

The difference between esterification and saponification are tabulated below.

Esterification

Saponification

Esterification is a process of preparation of ester.

Saponification is a process of preparation of soap.

In the esterification reaction, an acid reacts with alcohol in the pressure of conc. H2SO4 to form an ester.

Saponification is somewhat different from esterification since an ester responds to alkali in this situation.

The reaction requires heat energy

The reaction does not require heat energy

The catalyst involved in the reaction is acid

The catalyst involved in the reaction is base.

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