The difference between alkane, alkene, alkyl and alkyne are tabulated below.
|They are hydrocarbons that are joined by single bonds only. Thus called saturated hydrocarbons.||They are joined by at least one double bond between them. They are reactive in nature and are called unsaturated hydrocarbons.||They are the hydrocarbons that are formed when one hydrogen molecule is removed from the alkane.||They are unsaturated hydrocarbons that have at least one triple bond between them.|
|The general formula is CnH2n+2.||Their general formula (not including cyclic compounds) is CnH2n.||The Alkyl group is made from an alkane (a hydrocarbon without multiple bonds) through the removal or loss of a hydrogen atom.||The general formula is CnH2n-2.|
|Examples: Methane (CH4) Ethane (C2H6) etc.||Examples: Ethene ( C2H4), Propene (C3H6) etc.||Examples: Methyl (CH3), Ethyl (C2H5) are some examples.||Examples: Ethyne (C2H2) and Propyne (C3H4), etc.|