Differentiate between inherited and acquired characters. Give one example for each type.

An acquired trait is the character developed in an individual as a result of environmental influence.  Inherited traits that are inherited from the parents to the offspring. Hair, skin, eye colour, body type, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases are some examples of inherited traits in humans.

Inherited Characters Acquired Characters
Characters that are passed on from parents to offspring Characters appearing in an individual’s lifetime but cannot be transmitted to next generation
Alters Genotype and Phenotype Alters Phenotype only
Transmitted to further generation Cannot be transmitted to further generation
Results in genetic recombination Results in response to environmental changes
Ex: colour of seeds, colour of eyes. Ex: obese body, loss of a finger in an accident.

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