Differentiate between internal fertilization and external fertilization.

The life process of initiating the development of a new entity of its kind through the fusion of male and female gametes is known as fertilization. The sperm from the male and the egg from the female unite forming the zygote, a structure containing crucial genetic information from the mother and father individually.

Differentiate between internal fertilization and external fertilization

The differentiate between internal fertilization and external fertilization is tabulated below

Internal Fertilization External Fertilization
What is means
Fusion of gametes within the body of the female Union of the gametes in an external environment(Water bodies)
Quantity of gametes released
Lesser is released and deposited inside the body of the female Multiple gametes(both male and female) released into the external environment
Gametes involved
Only male gametes are discharged into the female genital tract Both female and male gametes are discharged into the external surroundings
Site of further development
Inside the female body Outside the body
Types
  • Viviparity
  • Oviparity
  • Ovoviviparity
No types as such, external environment
Merits
  • High survival chances as nourished by parent
  • Successful fertilization rate is high
  • Chances of success of survival in harsh conditions are high
  • Offsprings produced are many
  • Finding a mate requires less energy
  • Competition between parents and their offsprings is less
Demerits
  • Finding a mate requires much energy
  • Most of the contribution is from the female counterpart
  • Few offsprings produced
  • As they get preyed upon easily and lack of parental care results in lesser survival chances
  • Most of the offsprings go unfertilized, failing to survive until attaining maturity
  • Survival restricted to moist and wet environment only
Examples
Reptiles, Birds, Mammals, Tracheophytes, Pteridophytes Algae, Fish, Amphibians

 

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