Apart from making Laws for India, the other important functions and powers of the Parliament are given below:
Financial Functions of the Parliament
- Parliament has the power to grant the resources to the Government, to help the Government implement its various programmes.
- The financial resources that the Government wishes to raise, the money spent by the Government; these details have to be shared by the Government with the Parliament.
- Parliament controls the taxation and the way the funds are utilised by the Government.
- The approval of Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament) is needed if the Government of India wants to introduce new taxes.
- Government has to present its budget and financial statements in the Parliament.
Debating Functions of the Parliament
- The highest forum for debates in India is the Parliament.
- All the Members of Parliament have the right to debate and speak on any matter.
- Every issue in India gets analysed in the debates held in the Parliament.
- Debates in Parliament are the heart of decision making in India.
Judicial Functions of the Parliament
- Considering the proposals for the removal of the judges of Supreme Court, High Courts, Vice-President and President is the judicial function of the Parliament.
Electoral Functions of the Parliament
- Parliament has the power to elect the Vice President of India and the President of India. This is the electoral function of the Parliament.
Constituent Functions of the Parliament
- Approval of the Parliament is needed for making any amendments in the Constitution of India.
- The Parliament has the power to discuss and enact changes
Legislative Functions of the Parliament
- Legislations of the country are enacted in the Parliament of India.
Controlling the Executive
- Parliament of India ensures that there is accountability of the Executive.
- Parliament ensures that the executive remains responsible to the people who have elected them.
- Parliament ensures that the executive does not overstep its authority.