Distinguish between Flora and Fauna

  • The animal species found in a particular period or region is known as Fauna.
  • The plant species found in a particular period or region is known as Flora.

Flora in India

  • Across the world, India is one among the 12 mega biodiversity countries.
  • In plant diversity, India occupies 4th place in Asia and 10th place in the world. India has 47,000 different plant species.
  • Out of the total number of flowering plants across the globe, India is home to 6 percent of the world’s flowering plants, India has around 15,000 flowering plants.

Fauna in India

  • There are around 90,000 animal species in India.
  • Between 5% to 8% of the world’s mammals, reptiles, and amphibians are found in India.
  • Nearly 12% of the world’s fish species is found in India. There are 2,546 species of fish in India.
  • India has around 2,000 species of birds.
  • Around 13% of the world’s bird species are found in India.

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