Expand DNA And Its Functions

DNA — Deoxyribonucleic acid

DNA is the inherited material found in every living creature. It comprises two polynucleotide chains, which are coiled around each other to form a double helix.

In eukaryotes, DNA occurs as linear chromosomes and in prokaryotes, DNA occurs as circular chromosomes.

Functions of DNA:

  • All the information of a cell is stored in DNA.
  • DNA carries genetic instructions for development.
  • DNA is involved in Mutations, Transcription, Replication process, Transcription, etc.
  • DNA controls cell metabolism along with the differentiation and development of an organism.
  • DNA is an essential component required for transferring genes from parents to offspring.

Structure of DNA

Structure of DNA

 

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