The electric motor, generator, and transformers all work on the principle of electromagnetic induction. The electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The electric generator works in the opposite way of an electric motor. It converts mechanical work into electrical energy. The source of mechanical energy varies from a wide range of hand cranks and combustion engines.
An electric generator works on the principle of electromagnetic induction phenomenon. According to it, whenever a coil is rotated between the poles of a magnet, an induced current is set up in the coil, whose direction is given by Fleming’s right-hand rule. The principle of working of a generator is such that the flow of electric charges can be induced by moving an electrical conductor in a magnetic field. Moving the conductor in the magnetic field or stationary conductor in a fluctuating magnetic field produces a voltage difference between the two ends of the wire (electrical conductor), thus producing an induced current.-->