Explain how Poverty is caused by the growth in Population.


In rural areas of India, a large number of people are poor farmers. Their land is usually not fertile and their agricultural produce was dependent on rains. Their survival depends on livestock and subsistence crops. The per-head availability of land for cultivation has reduced steadily due to rapid growth of population and lack of alternative sources of employment. The family’s basic requirements are not met through the income of these small land holdings. This leads to poverty among a large number of the population.

Even in the urban areas the large section of the rural poor are those from rural areas who migrated in search of livelihood. They have not been able to find jobs in industries. The urban poor are either casual labourers or intermittently employed. They lack job security, or have limited skills. This is how the growing population without access to proper education, employment led to an increase in poverty.

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