Explain Mahalwari system.

  • The government of Lord William Bentinck, Governor-General of India (1828 to 1835) introduced the Mahalwari system of land revenue in 1833.
  • This system was introduced in North-West Frontier, Agra, Central Province, Gangetic Valley, Punjab, etc.
  • This had elements of both the Zamindari and the Ryotwari systems.
  • This system divided the land into Mahals. Sometimes, a Mahal was constituted by one or more villages.
  • The tax was assessed on the Mahal.
  • Each individual farmer gave his share.
  • Here also, ownership rights were with the peasants.
  • Revenue was collected by the village headman or village leaders.
  • It introduced the concept of average rents for different soil classes.
  • The state share of the revenue was 66% of the rental value. The settlement was agreed upon for 30 years.
  • This system was called the Modified Zamindari system because the village headman virtually became a Zamindar.

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