Ethanol is a compound of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen elements. Ethanol can be found naturally as a plant fermentation by-product and it can also be produced through the hydration of ethylene. Ethanol formula can be represented as C2H5OH or CH3CH2OH.
Properties of ethanol
Listed below are properties of ethanol
- At room temperature Ethanol is always a liquid.
- It has a melting point of 156K and a boiling point of 351 K.
- Ethanol is soluble in water.
- Reaction with sodium:
When ethanol reacts with sodium it produces hydrogen gas and sodium ethoxide as the ultimate product.
- Reaction with unsaturated hydrocarbons:
When ethanol is heated at 443 K in presence of excess concentrated sulphuric acid then alkene is obtained as the product.