With the aid of primitive instruments like Dao, hoe, digging sticks, and family or community labour, primitive subsistence agriculture is practised with small patches of land. Offarming of this sort relies on the monsoon, the soil’s natural fertility as well as the suitability of other environmental factors for the crop produced. Primitive subsistence agriculture includes shifting cultivation and nomadic herding.
A plot of land is cleared by demolishing the trees and burning them. Then the ashes are combined with the soil and crops are cultivated. The property is abandoned after soil loses its fertility and the farmer moves to a new field.
Examples: Maize, yam, potatoes and cassava
Herdsmen travel from location to location along specified routes with their animals for fodder and water. In response to climatic constraints and terrain, this mode of movement arises.
Examples: Sheep, camel, yak and goats are most commonly reared. They provide milk, meat, wool, hides and other products to the herders and their families