Chloroform is an organic chemical compound initially employed as an ideal anaesthetic. It is a colourless, sweet-smelling dense liquid produced on a large scale. Chloroform may be released into the air as a result of its formation in the chlorination of drinking water, wastewater and swimming pools.
- In CHCl3 (Chloroform) carbon requires 4 electrons to complete its octet.
- While each hydrogen atom requires one electron to complete its duplet.
- Also, chlorine requires an electron to complete the octet.
- Therefore, all of these share electrons and as a result, carbon forms 3 covalent bonds with hydrogen and one covalent bond with chlorine.