Explain the nature of the covalent bond using the bond formation in CH3Cl


Chloroform is an organic chemical compound initially employed as an ideal anaesthetic.  It is a colourless, sweet-smelling dense liquid produced on a large scale. Chloroform may be released into the air as a result of its formation in the chlorination of drinking water, wastewater and swimming pools.

Covalent bond using the bond formation in CHCl3

  • In CHCl3 (Chloroform) carbon requires 4 electrons to complete its octet.
  • While each hydrogen atom requires one electron to complete its duplet.
  • Also, chlorine requires an electron to complete the octet.
  • Therefore, all of these share electrons and as a result, carbon forms 3 covalent bonds with hydrogen and one covalent bond with chlorine.

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